Non-invasive at-home monitoring of lung and lung airways health enables the early detection and tracking of respiratory diseases like asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Various proposed approaches estimate the respiratory rate and extract the respiratory waveform from an electrocardiogram (ECG) signal as a way to discreetly monitor lung health. Unfortunately, these approaches fail to accurately capture the respiratory cycle phase features, resulting in a nonspecific, incomplete picture of lung health. This paper introduces an algorithm to extract more respiratory information from the ECG signal by framing the problem as a binary segmentation task. In addition to respiratory rate (RR), the algorithm derives the fractional inspiratory time (FIT), a direct measure of airway obstruction derived from respiratory phase information. The algorithm is based on a gated recurrent neural network that infers vital respiratory information from a single-lead ECG signal. We measure our algorithm’s performance on 5 subjects from the MIMIC dataset and 5 subjects from the CEBS database. Our algorithm maintains exceptional performance in estimating the respiratory rate and outperforms current algorithms that extract the respiratory cycle phases and FIT/ inspiratory:expiratory ratio (IER). Our algorithm reports a root mean squared error (RMSE) of 0.06 in the computation of FIT (values range from 0.2-0.6) and a RMSE of 0.54 breaths per minute (bpm) for respiratory rate (values range from 8 - 28 breaths per minute (bpm)) on the MIMIC dataset, and an FIT RMSE of 0.11 and and RR RMSE of 0.66 bpm on the CEBS dataset.
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